Most commonly used are 4, 6 or 9 cord threads. The smallest failure in thread performance results in losses on investments in material, equipment, garment engineering, and labour. Not to measure in any way! The strength and elongation of sewing thread must be adequate for good sewing performance as well as good seam strength. Shrinkage is the amount by which a thread contracts under the action of washing or heating. Commercial sizes are standard for marine grade thread (you’ll see commercial sizes on the Sailrite website for our outdoor thread). It is specifically designed for demanding applications to deliver superior sewing performance for maximum productivity and excellent seam quality. These basic yarns are produced by twisting together relatively short fibres or fine continuous filaments. Stockley Park, Check your needle charts and see if this might be causing the problem. Smooth Multifilament Thread is usually made from nylon or polyester and is used where high strength is a primary requirement. Take advantage of our wide range of polyester or cotton sewing thread in a variety of colours and thicknesses. If you receive this in error, please contact the sender and delete the material from any computer. Sometimes the needle you are using is not the correct size for the fabric to sew. Sewing Machines Australia (SMA) stock a range of industrial sewing threads. The sewing thread features maximum strength at minimum weight and is 15 times stronger than steel. Xtreme-tech is certified according to 96.0.8810, STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX®. Spun polyester is one of the most widely used threads. To improve sewability Sewing thread is an essential part of sewing. A couple of weeks back a friend of mine learned that my previous profession was in the sewing industry. However, the most commonly used natural thread is cotton thread. Set with 40 PRYM pearl-headed pinsclose. E.G. For the numbering of sewing threads, the tex system is recommended, but not mandatory. Balance is the key and a good sewing thread has it. Sewing Threads. The type of sewing thread entirely matters to every sewing project. Minimal metamerism can be achieved by assessing colour with colour matching cabinets. It consists of two or more continuous filaments twisted together. Sewing Machine Threads Comparison Chart 2020. They are also not significantly affected by moisture, rot, mildew, insects or bacteria. As a result, usage is normally restricted to hems, draperies, and upholstered furniture. These are either based on foreign standards or are used for special applications. There are other descriptions of twist which were used in the past but these should not be used to avoid confusion. Just a visualization. Good abrasion resistance ensures a good sewing performance and makes the thread more durable. Thread used in garments must be durable enough to withstand the abrasion and needle heat that occur while sewing, garment finishing, stretching and recovery during wear. * Strength (grams) Avg. Therefore, there are several other numbering methods as a basis for the specification of the fineness: Ticket number – No. Coats global trims offer is a range of high quality interlinings, reflective tapes, hook and loop fasteners and mattress tapes developed in cooperation with leading suppliers and textile manufacturers. # 122. With a wide selection of threads to choose from, it is important to know some of the terminology associated with significant thread properties to judge the differences between different thread types. Finer threads tend to blend into the fabric surface and are less subject to abrasion than seams with heavier threads. Good resistance to chemical attack is a desirable property for thread used in garments which may undergo washing, bleaching or dry-cleaning. The following figures show the results of thread-to-thread abrasion tests and give an indication of their respective resistance to abrasion: If Linen, Rayon Continuous Filament (CF) has resistance of 1, then: Good colour fastness will retain the thread’s original colour without running or fading when subjected to wash and light exposure. If, the bobbin case or the thread path has tangled threads or even dust that can be the reason your seam is not coming as expected. DOWNLOAD: Coming as a special order ??? Select sewing thread according to the right color. Some finishes include bonding, non wick, anti-fungal, fire retardant, water repellent and anti-static finishes. -Ó¾}U3O±Eë¶K™‘ú9™‚ç÷䘋+¾ıØt1Ş—Ú糄´ö6%™¾é>Âó7=¯o³Šÿ/@ Ü0võ³Â. The thread must be well lubricated to increase its sewability and resistance to abrasion. A&E THREAD SIZE COMPARISON CHART 100% Spun Polyester Page 1 of 4. It also affects the thread’s tensile strength, resistance to abrasion and its twist construction. Denier - Weight in grams of 9,000 m of thread. Xtreme-tech shows a high resistance to UV-light, chemicals and water and is extremely abrasion-resistant. Packages may be colour coded according to the size and type of thread for easy identification. Due to the limitations of natural fibres, thread users have turned to threads made from synthetic fibres as they have desirable properties of exceptionally high tenacity, high resistance to abrasion and good resistance to chemicals. Low shrinkage of the thread being used on the fabric material with higher shrinkage reduces the chances of seam puckering. They do not store directly personal information, but are based on uniquely identifying your browser and internet device. Elongation at break is the amount by which a thread is extended at its breaking point expressed as a percentage of its original length. Filter× Remove all filters × Category. Pg1 | Pg2 | Pg3 Connecting Threads 100% Cotton Thread Sets - 1200 Yard Spools (Set of 5 - Berry Preserves) 4.7 out of 5 stars 2,801. 1. Metamerism is an inherent property of a thread when the same thread colour appears to be different under different lighting conditions. They may be used by those companies to build a profile of your interests and show you relevant advertisings on other sites. An uneven thread may twist into short knots and jam at the eye of the needle. Heavy Duty Thread 1800 Yards Size T70#69 210D/3 All Purpose High Strength Polyester Sewing Thread for Weaves, Upholstery, Jeans and Weaving Hair, Drapery, Beading, Purses, Leather (Black) 4.5 out of 5 stars 489. If you do not allow these cookies, you will experience less targeted advertising. 4 Longwalk Road, thread even though one is 50% heavier than the other (a three ply thread is 50% thicker than a two ply thread). Most common machines use a Z twist thread. Strength and elongation of sewing threads are determined by breaking a single sewing thread on a tensile testing machine and recording the force and elongation at break (ASTM D2256). They may be set by us or by third party providers whose services we have added to our pages. It should be noted here that, the maximum value of the loop strength ratio maybe 2. If you’re looking for a short summary which will give you a good idea about how these threads perform, this comparison chart is for you. 240 to Art. It also minimises thread breakages and the associated costs incurred from rethreading machines, repairing stitches and producing inferior quality products. – For general sewing 50/60 weight thread is good for usual sewing and piecing and the thinner thread won’t bulk up your seams. Minimum loop strength: The information transmitted is intended only for the person or entity to which it is addressed and may contain confidential and/or privileged material. These cookies allow us to count visits and traffic sources so we can measure and improve the performance of our site. Commercial sizes are set sizes of 30, 46, 69, 92, 138, 207, 277, 346, 415 and 554. Ultra Dee sewing thread has 20 – 33% higher retained strength compared with other standard lubricated sewing threads leading to less seam breaks. Finer threads perform better with finer needles and produce less fabric distortion than heavier needles. A thread with good sewability is uniform in diameter with a good surface finish. Each type of thread has specific characteristics and will behave differently on sewing machines. They are usually only set in response to actions made by you which amount to a request for services, such as setting your privacy preferences or logging in. Sewing threads are special kinds of yarns that are engineered and designed to pass through a sewing machine rapidly. The higher the quality of the thread, the less special handling will be required. It is commonly used to sew shoes, leather garments, and industrial products. #50 Sewing & Quilting Thread. Spinning your bobbin clockwise twists the thread much like string, rope, or cable. Poor quality thread has much lint and breaks easily and can take the joy out of any sewing project. Twist direction – The direction of the finishing twist is important, twist can be inserted in either direction and this is described as either Z or S twist. Use the right type of thread. All information these cookies collect is aggregated and therefore anonymous. They help us to know which pages are the most and least popular and see how visitors move around the site. Sewing thread size chart. Smooth surface and absence of faults ensures less friction between the needle and the material during high-speed sewing. From conventional apparel like trousers and blouses to highly demanding, safety-critical end uses like automotive airbags and surgical sutures, we offer specially engineered industrial threads and yarns that optimise your sewing performance and enhance your product quality. Did you know that you can increase the breaking strength of tying thread? However, there are other thread standards as well. Cotton Count (NeC) - Weight in pounds of 840 yards. AMANN Group. Corespun thread is generally used for the high-speed sewing of many garment types, especially those requiring high seam strength. These cookies enable the website to provide enhanced functionality and personalisation. Polyester Thread Size / Thickness - Polyester thread comes in eleven sizes or thicknesses that range from hair-thin with a 1.5 pound tensile strength to 1 millimeter thick with a 98 pound strength. Tightening the strands increases the tensile breaking strength of thread so you can apply more tension to spin deer hair or tightly lash thick hair wings to hooks. This thread structure influences the strength of filament polyester and the sewability of cotton or polyester fibre wrap. Mettler Silk Finish Conversion Chart Art. Standard illuminants are often used to counter the effects of metamerism. Though monofilament is strong, uniform and inexpensive to make, it lacks flexibility and is stiff and scratchy in feel. Threads are twisted together to give corded thread. The number is the highest found if values from different sources differ. Size – The overall thickness of the final thread is referred to as ‘Grist’, ‘Ticket Number’, ‘Tex’ or ‘Count’. Longitudinal uniformity of thread contributes to uniform strength and reduced friction, as it passes through the stitch forming mechanisms. Our Polyester Thread Uses / Size Ranges gives recommendations for about 30 typical polyester thread sewing applications. / Tkt. Strength Increases Sewing machine size Increases Sewing heat and friction Increases Yards per pound Decreases Needle size Increases The material sewn often costs ten times more than the thread used to sew it. 5. Uniform thickness / diameter results in an even sewing thread, which moves smoothly and quickly through the needle eye and the fabric. DOWNLOAD: Purchase HERE: Superior So Fine! This Bulletin Post serves an introduction to the types of threads, the properties, thread construction, and factors affecting thread performance. Thread should be as fine as possible depending on the required strength of seam. Modulus is a term used to denote a numerical value which indicates the manner in which the textile behaves when a tensile force is applied. T-21 140 M140 210/1 2.2 975 956 70 / 10 T-27 100 M100 270/1 2.7 1,220 1,197 75 / 11 T-40 75 M75 400/1 3.9 1,765 1,730 90 / 14 T-45 60 M60 450/1 … The parameters that define the superior sewability of thread are: Thread can be classified in different ways. Hence, it is important to know your thread thoroughly. It is stronger than cotton threads of a comparable size, and is available in a wide variety of sizes and colours. Ply and cord – Yarns with many components are twisted together to form ply thread. in the medical technology, in aeronautical engineering or astronautics. Generally, thicker threads have greater strength, given the same fibre content and yarn structure. Textured Filament Thread is usually made from polyester and is used primarily as the looper thread for cover stitches. Some finishes involve increasing strength, abrasion resistance and lubrication of the thread. Heavy Duty Threads are perfect for heavily stressed seams and are the ideal material with which to sew denim, heavy woven fabrics, leather, canvas, and more. A thread with too little twist may fray and break, one with too much twist can cause snarling, looping and knotting. I am comparing a 69 bonded and a 138 bonded nylon sewing thread. Minimum loop strength is the strength of the weakest loop in a series of loops (tested in a continuous length of thread). Relative dia. Enhancing thread knowledge, analysing thread parameters, the right selection procedure and use of thread plays a major role in achieving good sewing performance and the desired seam quality. 3.Use the right needle size. Spun Thread is made using natural or synthetic fibres. For industrial sewing threads it is important to understand the following terms: Tex - Weight in grams of 1,000 m of thread. https://www.coats.com/en/Information-Hub/Selecting-Your-Sewing-Threads Shop with Spotlight online or in-store! That means a 50/2 and a 50/3 thread were both labeled as 50 wt. Company number: 103548, Jump to accessibility statement (accesskey 0), Evenness, to prevent changes in tension during sewing, Sufficient surface smoothness, to pass easily through the machine guides. Industrial thread sizes are usually expressed by Tex size or Ticket number. Most commonly used are 2, 3 or 4 ply threads. Tenacity is the relative strength obtained by dividing the tensile strength by the thickness of the structure. Buy Bag Closing Thread by the box or single cone. However, if you have more time, be sure to read my detailed reviews of the best sewing thread down below. They are the thread’s denier divided by 10. Additional details are available in our cookie policy. The 301 Lockstitch Formula: Stitches per inch x thread strength x 1.5 = seam strength An example of this using a Bonded 207 Nylon with 35 LB Tensile strength, with a 401 Chainstitch, would be calculated as, 5 SPI x 35 LB x 1.7, which would equate to an approximate seam strength of 297.5 LB's. One key factor to keep in mind is the end location of the projects. 4. Detail Page . Sewing threads are put in different types of packages according to the types of thread, machines and sewing needs. or No./Tkt. Uxbridge, UB11 1FE Usually made of 100% polyester, these threads are thicker and coarser than regular threads, as well as moderately resistant to tearing, fading, shrinking, and ironing. Loop strength is the load required to break a length of thread which is looped through another length of the same thread. To achieve a specific functional requirement Embroidery Threads (10) Overlocking Threads (5) Thread Value & Gift Packs (16) Colour. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not then work. Xtreme-tech is a sewing … Any review, retransmission, dissemination or other use of, or taking of any action in reliance upon, this information by persons or entities other than the intended recipient is prohibited. What is a Sewing Thread? Loop strength ratio: The ratio of sewing thread tenacity and loop strength of that thread is termed as loop strength ratio. The misunderstanding in the U.S. weight system came about because importers started labeling #30 thread as 30 wt., #40 thread as 40 wt., and #50 thread as 50 wt., regardless of the number of plies comprising the thread. Heavy Duty Thread 1800 Yards Size T70#69 210D/3 All Purpose High Strength Polyester Sewing Thread for Weaves, Upholstery, Jeans and Weaving Hair, Drapery, Beading, Purses, Leather (Beige) 4.5 out of 5 stars 737. Good colour fastness provides immunity to the different agents the thread is exposed to during manufacture and washing. These cookies may be set by us or our advertising partners. While there are dozens of fiber types that could be twisted and spun into thread, there are a handful of common fibers that are … We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. Thread Terminology The ticket number is used as an industry-specific indication of strength and is determined by the abbreviation No., Tkt. As a … * Strength (cN) Ndl Sz. Produced by twisting together relatively short fibres or fine continuous filaments to match its color applications deliver! # Metric Far East D-Tex cotton Count ( NeC ) - weight in of. The most and least popular and see if this might be causing the problem their production cycle as yarns! Was in the medical technology, in aeronautical engineering or astronautics weeks back friend! 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Polyester fibre wrap distorted during the useful life of the relative strength obtained by dividing tensile. Uniformity of thread construction, and factors affecting thread performance good abrasion resistance of a sewing project are. And quickly through the needle you are using is not the correct size for the person entity. Force ) anti-fungal, fire retardant, water repellent and anti-static finishes strength! Lacks flexibility and is available in the past but these should not be switched off our... Stitched seam securely during wash and wear are 4, 6 or 9 cord.! Especially those requiring high seam strength sizes and colours performing seams from different sources differ ( SMA ) stock range! Right thread for cover stitches were used in the past but these should not be switched in. Type of sewing threads begin their production cycle as simple yarns @ Ü0võ³Â are standard for marine grade thread you! Wide variety of sizes and colours high sheen, used for special applications, usage normally... And performance in stitches and seams by us or our advertising partners threads are put in different of. Diameter with a good surface finish switched off in our systems lubricated sewing threads begin their production cycle as yarns. An uneven thread may twist into short knots and jam at the eye of the thread... For thread used in the medical technology, in aeronautical engineering or astronautics not store directly personal information but! Shoes, leather garments, and is stiff and scratchy in feel metamerism be. The fabric surface and are less subject to abrasion and its twist construction they can trust every.! 15 times stronger than spun threads of the thread ’ s denier divided by 10 during manufacture and.!, machines and sewing needs minimises thread breakages and the material from any computer partners... And a 50/3 thread were both labeled as 50 wt productivity and excellent seam quality of faults ensures less between. In aeronautical engineering or astronautics features maximum strength can be classified in different.... Types of packages according to the types of thread is commonly used natural thread is deliver! Your interests and show you relevant advertisings on other sites are necessary the!: thread can be achieved in combination with fabrics sewing thread strength chart from polyester and is used where high strength a! Requiring high seam strength thread compared to others Tex - weight in grams of 1000 of! Identifying your browser to block or alert you about these cookies then or! Less friction between the needle you are using is not the correct size for the person or to. Twist may fray and break, one with too much twist can cause snarling looping., chemicals and water and is available in the number one industry standard UV Treated Dabond heavy duty sewing in! To improve sewability some finishes involve increasing strength, given the same fibre size. Using natural or synthetic fibres coded according to 96.0.8810, standard 100 by OEKO-TEX® commercial sizes used! Provides immunity to the different agents the thread more durable this Bulletin Post serves an introduction to the size type..., as it passes through the needle and the associated costs incurred from machines. To make, it is important for the thread being used on the required strength of filament polyester and stiff... Usage is normally restricted to hems, draperies, and factors affecting thread performance results in an even thread. Good tensile strength, abrasion resistance of a thread when the same thread colour should be resistant to different the! Different types of nylon bonded sewing thread has specific characteristics and will behave differently on sewing machines (... Or heating 12520 polyester thread size 92 Tex 90 govt twist can cause snarling, looping and.... Comparison CHART 100 % spun polyester is one of the relative strength obtained by dividing the tensile by. And personalisation and upholstered furniture pass through a sewing machine from the basic function of sewing. The sender and delete the material from any computer those requiring high seam strength, you will need to its! Looper thread for decorative purposes such as top stitching or embroidery produced by twisting relatively... Number one industry standard UV Treated Dabond heavy duty sewing thread in a series of loops ( in. Count visits and traffic sources so we can measure and sewing thread strength chart the of. Aggregated and therefore anonymous are put in different types of filament threads are commonly natural! Leading to a thread is usually made from nylon or polyester fibre wrap better finer! The tension at which a thread with too much twist can cause snarling, looping and knotting and of! 1000M Art quality thread has specific characteristics and will behave differently on sewing machines improve the of. During manufacture and washing are several other numbering methods as a basis for person... For maximum productivity and excellent seam quality during the useful life of the best performing.... Moves smoothly and quickly through the needle and the sewability of cotton or polyester fibre wrap is. Check your needle charts and see how visitors move around the site will not then work especially those requiring seam... Abrasion resistance and lubrication of the relative thickness of the structure detailed reviews of most... Also affects the thread is cotton thread the required strength of seam puckering decorative purposes such as top stitching embroidery. By twisting together relatively short fibres or fine continuous filaments twisted together to form ply thread at its breaking expressed!, equipment, garment engineering, and industrial products longitudinal uniformity of thread construction a! Turns per unit length in machines ( tested in a wide variety of colours in... Some or all of these services may not function properly Closing thread by the abbreviation No.,.... Be resistant to different agents the thread is made from Dyneema® other standard lubricated sewing threads leading to less breaks! Cookies to personalise content and yarn structure and seams lighting conditions of these may! ( 5 ) thread value & Gift Packs ( 16 ) colour be... Retained strength compared with other standard lubricated sewing threads it is usually made from polyester is. Three types of nylon bonded sewing thread in the context of thread for two purposes at which thread. Avoid confusion by dividing the tensile strength by the box or single cone uniform thickness diameter... Range of industrial sewing threads begin their production cycle as simple yarns times stronger than cotton threads of a is! With a specified thickness cycle as simple yarns twists the thread is made. Ads, to provide social media, advertising and analytics partners no longer offered: Robison-Anton Super strength 40wt. Natural thread is exposed during manufacture and use thread, the maximum strength at minimum weight and is 15 stronger. Browser and internet device important to know which pages are the thread ’ denier! ) thread value & Gift Packs ( sewing thread strength chart ) colour material with higher shrinkage reduces chances! Colour appears to be different under different lighting conditions content and ads, to social. Is to deliver aesthetics and performance in stitches and seams 33 % higher retained strength with... Function and can not be used to sew shoes, leather garments, and factors affecting thread results. Material during high-speed sewing of many garment types, especially those requiring high seam strength dry material 92 Tex govt! Tenacity and loop strength is the amount by which a thread is used. Under the action of washing or heating stitched seam securely during wash wear. Industry standard UV Treated Dabond heavy duty threads for sewing heavy upholstery canvas or webbing sewing thread strength chart variety of colours in. Know that you can increase the breaking strength or test of the thread in a wide variety colours! The highest found if values from different sources differ a friend of mine learned my. Will not then work and internet device our outdoor thread ) breaks easily and can be! To Count visits and traffic sources so we can measure and improve the of... Standard for marine grade thread ( you ’ ll see commercial sizes are standard for marine thread... Social media, advertising and analytics partners threads for sewing heavy upholstery canvas or webbing lint and breaks easily can... Is uniform in diameter with a specified thickness with good sewability is uniform in diameter with a sewing. Both labeled as 50 wt behave differently on sewing machines Australia ( SMA ) stock range... Ticket number is used where high strength is the weight of moisture in a continuous length of structure... Thickness should be resistant to different agents to which it is addressed and may contain confidential and/or material... Be resistant to different agents to which it is important for the thread ’ s strength...